MEPC.59 (12-17 July 2009). OUTCOME
Convention : BWM Ballast Water Management, MARPOL Annex I Oil Pollution, MARPOL Annex VI Air Pollution, SOLAS CH IX ISM Code, Recycling of ships, Greenhouse Gases
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Ship type :ALL TYPESThe Marine Environment Protection Committee held its 59th session (MEPC.59) at the IMO Headquarters in London from 12 to 17 July 2008.
The session was attended by representatives of 89 Member States, 2 Associate Members, 7 United Nations Specialized Agencies, 9 Intergovernmental Organizations and 43 Non-Governmental Organizations (A total of quite 1000 attendees).
A short summary addressing the most important issues which were discussed during the session is displayed below :
Amendments to MARPOL Annex I
Transfer of oil cargo between oil tankers at sea
The adopted amendments to MARPOL Annex I include a new chapter 8 on Prevention of pollution during transfer of oil cargo between oil tankers at sea, i.e., ship-to-ship (STS)] oil transfer operations. Its provisions apply to oil tankers of 150 gross tonnage and above. The main requirements are the STS operations Plan and the notification to the coastal state.
Any oil tanker involved in oil cargo STS operations is required to carry a plan aiming at managing STS operations (the STS operations Plan). The Plan is approved by the Administration.
Notification to the coastal State is required not less than 48 hours in advance of the scheduled STS operations (Relaxation could be allowed in specific cases).
Consequential amendments to the IOPP Certificate, the Supplement to the IOPP Certificate and the Oil Record Book were adopted.
Expected date for entry into force: 1 January 2011.
Oil residue (sludge)
The Committee also adopted Amendments to MARPOL Annex I regulations 1, 12, 13, 17 and 38, relating to the on board management of oil residue (sludge).
Definitions for oil residue (sludge), oil residue (sludge) tanks, oily bilge water and oily bilge water holding tanks are now provided with the aim to clarify the requirements and remove any ambiguities in order to facilitate compliance by crews.
Amendments to the Supplement to the IOPP Certificate, Form A and Form B, and to the Oil Record Book were adopted.
Expected date for entry into force: 1 January 2011.
Revised MARPOL Annex VI and the 2008 NOx Technical Code
Guidelines and Circulars
A number of Guidelines and Circulars addressing the revised MARPOL Annex VI and the 2008 NOx Technical Code were adopted. Their aim is to assist Administrations in preparing their entry into force and their implementation:
- Amendments to MARPOL Annex I
- Revised MARPOL Annex VI and the 2008 NOx Technical Code
- Recycling of ships
- Ballast Water Management
- Human Element
- Greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from ships.
- Amendments to the survey guidelines under the Harmonized System of Survey and Certification for the revised MARPOL Annex VI (annex 1).
- Revised Guidelines for port State control under the revised MARPOL Annex VI (annex 2)
- Guidelines for the sampling of fuel oil for determination of compliance with the revised MARPOL Annex VI, as amended
- Revised Guidelines for monitoring the worldwide average sulphur content of residual fuel oils supplied for use onboard ships
- Revised Guidelines for Exhaust Gas Cleaning Systems
- Guidelines for the development of a VOC management plan.
North American Emission Control Area (ECA)
A proposal from Canada and the United States to designate specific portions of the coastal waters of the United States and Canada as an Emission Control Area (ECA) was approved. The ECA will concern the control of emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur oxides (SOx), and particulate matter, under the revised MARPOL Annex VI which is expected to come into force on 1 July 2010.
The amendments to the revised MARPOL Annex VI concerning the proposed ECA will be adopted by MEPC 60 (March 2010).
The revised Annex currently lists two areas for the control of SOx emissions (SECA): the Baltic Sea area and the North Sea (including the English-French Channel).
Recycling of ships
Guidelines for the development of the inventory of hazardous materials were adopted by the Committee.
The Committee also agreed that the following Guidelines shall be developped in the sequential order:
- MEPC circular on technical information on systems and operation to assist development of VOC Management Plans
- MEPC circular on definitions for the cost effectiveness formula in regulation 13.7.5 to the revised Annex VI of MARPOL
- MEPC circular on Guidelines for the application of the NOx Technical Code relative to certification and amendments of Tier I engines (certification and amendments of tier I engines
A Correspondence Group was set up and instructed to address Guidelines for safe and environmentally sound ship recycling and, possibly Guidelines for the development of the Ship Recycling Plan and Guidelines for the authorization of Ship Recycling Facilities. The Group will report at MEPC.60 (March 2010).
Ballast Water Management
It was noted that the number of ballast water treatment technologies amounted to six Type Approved systems with four additional systems being granted Final Approval at this session, which led the Committee to consider that there are sufficient type-approved ballast water treatment technologies available for ships subject to regulation B-3.3 constructed in 2010 and agree that no changes to the Assembly resolution A.1005(25) are needed. The "basic approval" was also granted to three systems. It should be noted that all approved systems are using active substances.
The Secretariat was instructed to prepare a draft MEPC resolution, requesting Administrations to encourage the installation of ballast water management systems during new ship construction in accordance with the application dates contained in the BWM Convention. The resolution will be reviewed and adopted at MEPC.60.
In addition, Guidance to ensure safe handling and storage of chemicals used to treat ballast water and the development of safety procedures for risks to the ship and crew resulting from the treatment process was approved.
The proposed draft amendments to the Revised Guidelines on implementation of the International Safety Management (ISM) Code were agreed. They will be submitted for adoption at the 26th Assembly (23 November-4 December 2009).
Greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from ships
A number of interim and voluntary measures (technical and operational) to reduce GHG from international shipping were agreed.
They include :
interim guidelines on the method of calculation of the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) for new ships
interim guidelines for voluntary verification of the Energy Efficiency Design Index for new ships
guidance on the development of a Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan, for new and existing ships
guidelines for voluntary use of the Ship Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator (EEOI) for new and existing ships
A work plan for further consideration of market-based instruments was also adopted.
(Updated 3 and 15 September 2009)
- Guidelines for the development of the Inventory of Hazardous Materials (Adopted at MEPC.59)
- Guidelines for safe and environmentally sound ship recycling
- Guidelines for the development of the Ship Recycling Plan
- Guidelines for the authorization of Ship Recycling Facilities
- Guidelines for survey and certification
- Guidelines for inspection of ships
- Any other guidelines or circulars as may be identified by MEPC.